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Từ điển Oxford Advanced Learner 8th
justify



jus·tify AW [justify justifies justified justifying] BrE [ˈdʒʌstɪfaɪ] NAmE [ˈdʒʌstɪfaɪ] verb (jus·ti·fies, jus·ti·fy·ing, jus·ti·fied, jus·ti·fied)
1. to show that sb/sth is right or reasonable
~ (sb/sth) doing sth How can they justify paying such huge salaries?
~ sth Her success had justified the faith her teachers had put in her.
2. ~ sth/yourself (to sb) | ~ (sb/sth) doing sth to give an explanation or excuse for sth or for doing sth
Syn: defend
The Prime Minister has been asked to justify the decision to Parliament.
You don't need to justify yourself to me.
3. ~ sth (technical)to arrange lines of printed text so that one or both edges are straight
see the end justifies the means at end n.
Verb forms:

Word Origin:
Middle English (in the senses ‘administer justice to’ and ‘inflict a judicial penalty on’): from Old French justifier, from Christian Latin justificare ‘do justice to’, from Latin justus, from jus ‘law, right’.

Thesaurus:
justify verb T
How can the banks justify paying such huge bonuses?
defend • • explain • • account for sth
justify/defend/explain/account for sth to sb
justify/explain/account for what/why/how …
justify/defend/explain yourself
justify/defend/explain/account for sb's behaviour/a decision

Example Bank:
Can you really justify the destruction of such a fine old building?
He found it very difficult to justify his decision.
How will you justify this pay cut to your employees?
In 1865 a letter arrived that appeared to justify her faith.
The decision is justified on the grounds that there is no realistic alternative.
The events that followed served to justify our earlier decision.
The extra effort involved would go a long way in helping to justify their high price tags.
The meagre result hardly justified the risks they took to get it.
The university could not easily justify spending the money on this.
the many issues that make it easy to justify the purchase
Can you justify that accusation?
It would be difficult for an employer to justify dismissing someone on those grounds.
The senator made a half-hearted attempt to justify the claim.
You don't need to justify yourself to me.

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