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Từ điển WordNet v3.1 - WordNet Dictionary
action



I - noun
1. something done (usually as opposed to something said) (Freq. 94)
- there were stories of murders and other unnatural actions
Derivationally related forms:
act
Hypernyms:
act, deed, human action, human activity
Hyponyms:
thing, kindness, benignity, accomplishment, achievement,
alienation, application, res gestae, course, course of action, interaction,
fetch, playing, play, swordplay, arrival, performance,
execution, carrying out, carrying into action, choice, selection, option,
pick, change, economy, saving, prohibition, inhibition,
forbiddance, resistance, opposition, bruxism, transfusion, pickings,
taking, transgression, aggression, hostility, destabilization, destabilisation,
employment, engagement, politeness, civility, reverence, reference,
consultation, emphasizing, accenting, accentuation, beatification, jumpstart,
jump-start, stupefaction, vampirism
2. the state of being active (Freq. 18)
- his sphere of activity
- he is out of action
Syn:
activity, activeness
Ant:
inactiveness (for: activeness), inactivity (for: activity), inaction
Derivationally related forms:
active (for: activeness), active (for: activity), act
Hypernyms:
state
Hyponyms:
agency, busyness, hum, behavior, behaviour,
behaviour, eructation, extravasation, operation, overdrive,
play, swing
Attrubites:
active
3. a military engagement (Freq. 16)
- he saw action in Korea
Syn:
military action
Topics:
military, armed forces, armed services, military machine, war machine
Hypernyms:
group action
Hyponyms:
amphibious landing, battle, conflict, fight, engagement,
blockade, encirclement, defense, defence, defensive measure, electronic warfare,
EW, police action, resistance, saber rattling, sabre rattling, sortie,
sally, war, warfare
4. a process existing in or produced by nature (rather than by the intent of human beings) (Freq. 7)
- the action of natural forces
- volcanic activity
Syn:
natural process, natural action, activity
Derivationally related forms:
active (for: activity)
Hypernyms:
process, physical process
Hyponyms:
radiation, absorption, acidification, adiabatic process, aeration,
antiredeposition, capture, centrifugation, chemical process, chemical change, chemical action,
chromatography, concretion, condensation, convection, curdling, clotting,
coagulation, decay, demagnetization, demagnetisation, desorption, diffusion,
dissolution, disintegration, distillation, distillment, drift, effervescence,
electrophoresis, cataphoresis, dielectrolysis, ionophoresis, establishment, ecesis,
extinction, extraction, feedback, filtration, flocculation, flow,
formation, fossilization, fossilisation, geological process, geologic process, hardening,
solidifying, solidification, set, curing, inactivation, ion exchange,
ionization, ionisation, leach, leaching, magnetization, magnetisation,
magnetic induction, materialization, materialisation, nuclear reaction, opacification, oscillation,
oxygenation, pair production, pair creation, pair formation, phase change, phase transition,
state change, physical change, precession of the equinoxes, release, saltation, scattering,
sericulture, sink, soak, soakage, soaking, softening,
sorption, source, stiffening, rigidifying, rigidification, stimulation,
succession, ecological succession, survival, survival of the fittest, natural selection, selection,
synergy, synergism, temperature change, transduction, transpiration, vitrification
5. the series of events that form a plot (Freq. 1)
- his novels always have a lot of action
Hypernyms:
plot
6. the trait of being active and energetic and forceful (Freq. 1)
- a man of action
Hypernyms:
drive
7. the operating part that transmits power to a mechanism (Freq. 1)
- the piano had a very stiff action
Syn:
action mechanism
Hypernyms:
mechanism
Hyponyms:
gunlock, firing mechanism, movement, piano action, pump action, slide action
Part Holonyms:
gun, keyboard
Part Meronyms:
key
8. a judicial proceeding brought by one party against another;
one party prosecutes another for a wrong done or for protection of a right or for prevention of a wrong (Freq. 1)
Syn:
legal action, action at law
Topics:
law, jurisprudence
Hypernyms:
proceeding, legal proceeding, proceedings
Hyponyms:
antitrust case, civil action, counterclaim, custody case, lis pendens,
prosecution, criminal prosecution, test case, test suit
9. an act by a government body or supranational organization
- recent federal action undermined the segregationist position
- the United Nations must have the power to propose and organize action without being hobbled by irrelevant issues
- the Union action of emancipating Southern slaves
Hypernyms:
group action
10. the most important or interesting work or activity in a specific area or field
- the action is no longer in technology stocks but in municipal bonds
- gawkers always try to get as close to the action as possible
Hypernyms:
work

II - verb
1. institute legal proceedings against;
file a suit against
- He was warned that the district attorney would process him
- She actioned the company for discrimination
Syn:
sue, litigate, process
Derivationally related forms:
process (for: process), litigation (for: litigate), suit (for: sue), suer (for: sue), actionable
Hypernyms:
challenge
Hyponyms:
expedite
Verb Group:
litigate
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Somebody ----s (for: sue)
2. put in effect
- carry out a task
- execute the decision of the people
- He actioned the operation
Syn:
carry through, accomplish, execute, carry out, fulfill, fulfil
Derivationally related forms:
fulfilment (for: fulfil), fulfillment (for: fulfill), executive (for: execute), execution (for: execute), accomplishable (for: accomplish), accomplishment (for: accomplish)
Hypernyms:
complete, finish, effect, effectuate, set up
Hyponyms:
get over, run, consummate, do, perform,
dispatch, discharge, complete
Verb Group:
follow through, follow up, follow out, carry out, implement,
put through, go through
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something

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