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Từ điển WordNet v3.1 - WordNet Dictionary
force



I - noun
1. a powerful effect or influence (Freq. 29)
- the force of his eloquence easily persuaded them
Hypernyms:
influence
Hyponyms:
pressure, duress, heartbeat, lifeblood, wheel
2. (physics) the influence that produces a change in a physical quantity (Freq. 20)
- force equals mass times acceleration
Topics:
physics, natural philosophy
Hypernyms:
physical phenomenon
Hyponyms:
aerodynamic force, affinity, chemical attraction, attraction, attractive force,
repulsion, repulsive force, centrifugal force, centripetal force, cohesion, Coriolis force,
drift, impetus, impulsion, Lorentz force, moment, propulsion,
pull, push, thrust, reaction, stress, torsion,
torque, magnetomotive force, life force, vital force, vitality, elan vital
3. physical energy or intensity (Freq. 19)
- he hit with all the force he could muster
- it was destroyed by the strength of the gale
- a government has not the vitality and forcefulness of a living man
Syn:
forcefulness, strength
Derivationally related forms:
forceful (for: forcefulness)
Hypernyms:
intensity, intensiveness
Hyponyms:
brunt, momentum, impulse, energy, vigor,
vigour, zip
4. group of people willing to obey orders (Freq. 15)
- a public force is necessary to give security to the rights of citizens
Syn:
personnel
Hypernyms:
organization, organisation
Hyponyms:
guerrilla force, guerilla force, military service, armed service, service,
military, armed forces, armed services, military machine, war machine, paramilitary,
paramilitary force, paramilitary unit, paramilitary organization, paramilitary organisation, police, police force,
constabulary, law, security force, private security force, military police, MP,
work force, workforce, manpower, hands, men, patrol,
military personnel, soldiery, troops, rank and file, rank, staff,
line personnel, management personnel
5. a unit that is part of some military service (Freq. 10)
- he sent Caesar a force of six thousand men
Syn:
military unit, military force, military group
Topics:
military, armed forces, armed services, military machine, war machine
Hypernyms:
unit, social unit
Hyponyms:
trip wire, command, enemy, task force, army unit,
naval unit, air unit, armor, armour, mujahidin, mujahedin,
mujahedeen, mujahadeen, mujahadin, mujahideen, mujahadein, guard,
legion, echelon, phalanx, Republican Guard, Haganah, Israeli Defense Force,
IDF, militia, reserves, commando, contingent, detail,
headquarters, spearhead
Member Holonyms:
military service, armed service, service
Member Meronyms:
serviceman, military man, man, military personnel
6. an act of aggression (as one against a person who resists) (Freq. 5)
- he may accomplish by craft in the long run what he cannot do by force and violence in the short one
Syn:
violence
Derivationally related forms:
violent (for: violence)
Hypernyms:
aggression, hostility
Hyponyms:
domestic violence, road rage, riot, public violence
7. one possessing or exercising power or influence or authority (Freq. 1)
- the mysterious presence of an evil power
- may the force be with you
- the forces of evil
Syn:
power
Hypernyms:
causal agent, cause, causal agency
Hyponyms:
juggernaut, steamroller, influence, Moloch
8. a group of people having the power of effective action
- he joined forces with a band of adventurers
Hypernyms:
social group
9. (of a law) having legal validity
- the law is still in effect
Syn:
effect
Topics:
law, jurisprudence
Hypernyms:
validity, validness
10. a putout of a base runner who is required to run;
the putout is accomplished by holding the ball while touching the base to which the runner must advance before the runner reaches that base
- the shortstop got the runner at second on a force
Syn:
force out, force-out, force play
Topics:
baseball, baseball game
Hypernyms:
putout

II - verb
1. to cause to do through pressure or necessity, by physical, moral or intellectual means :"She forced him to take a job in the city" (Freq. 48)
- He squeezed her for information
Syn:
coerce, hale, squeeze, pressure
Derivationally related forms:
pressure (for: pressure), squeeze (for: squeeze), coercive (for: coerce), coercion (for: coerce)
Hypernyms:
compel, oblige, obligate
Hyponyms:
turn up the heat, turn up the pressure, drive, bludgeon, steamroller,
steamroll, squeeze for, dragoon, sandbag, railroad, terrorize,
terrorise, bring oneself
Cause:
act, move
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody to INFINITIVE
- Somebody ----s somebody into V-ing something
- They force him to write the letter
2. urge or force (a person) to an action;
constrain or motivate (Freq. 17)
Syn:
impel
Derivationally related forms:
impulsive (for: impel), impulsion (for: impel)
Hypernyms:
cause, do, make
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody to INFINITIVE
- They force him to write the letter
3. move with force, "He pushed the table into a corner" (Freq. 13)
Syn:
push
Ant:
pull (for: push)
See Also:
force out
Derivationally related forms:
forcible, push (for: push), pusher (for: push), pushing (for: push)
Hypernyms:
move, displace
Hyponyms:
nudge, poke at, prod, press, push,
repel, drive, repulse, force back, push back, beat back,
shove, jerk, flick, jostle, nose, push out,
obtrude, thrust out, push aside, push away, muscle into, push up,
push up, jam, stuff, squeeze, topple,
tumble, tip
Verb Group:
push
Entailment:
press, move
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Somebody ----s
- Something is ----ing PP
- Somebody ----s somebody PP
- Somebody ----s something PP
- Somebody ----s PP
4. impose urgently, importunately, or inexorably (Freq. 8)
- She forced her diet fads on him
Syn:
thrust
Hypernyms:
compel, oblige, obligate
Hyponyms:
stick, sting
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something on somebody
- Somebody ----s somebody to INFINITIVE
- Somebody ----s somebody into V-ing something
5. squeeze like a wedge into a tight space (Freq. 3)
- I squeezed myself into the corner
Syn:
wedge, squeeze
Derivationally related forms:
wedge (for: wedge)
Hypernyms:
move, displace
Hyponyms:
impact, compress, compact, pack together
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody PP
- Somebody ----s something PP
6. force into or from an action or state, either physically or metaphorically (Freq. 2)
- She rammed her mind into focus
- He drives me mad
Syn:
drive, ram
See Also:
ram down (for: ram), drive in (for: drive)
Derivationally related forms:
ram (for: ram), drive (for: drive)
Hypernyms:
thrust
Hyponyms:
toe, toenail
Verb Group:
drive
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something PP
7. cause to move by pulling (Freq. 1)
- draw a wagon
- pull a sled
Syn:
pull, draw
Ant:
push (for: pull)
See Also:
pull down (for: pull), pull off (for: pull), pull up (for: pull), pull out (for: pull), pull along (for: pull), pull in (for: pull), pull back (for: pull)
Derivationally related forms:
draw (for: draw), drawing (for: draw), pull (for: pull), puller (for: pull), pulling (for: pull)
Hypernyms:
move, displace
Hyponyms:
twitch, pull back, adduct, abduct, stretch,
pluck, plunk, pick, tug, drag, haul,
hale, cart, attract, pull, pull in, draw,
draw, yank, jerk, winch, tweak,
pull off, pick off
Verb Group:
pull, draw
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Something ----s somebody
- Something ----s something
8. do forcibly;
exert force (Freq. 1)
- Don't force it!
See Also:
force out, force back
Hypernyms:
act, move
Hyponyms:
pull
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
9. take by force
- Storm the fort
Syn:
storm
Derivationally related forms:
storm (for: storm)
Hypernyms:
penetrate, perforate
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something

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