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Từ điển WordNet v3.1 - WordNet Dictionary
hit



I - noun
1. (baseball) a successful stroke in an athletic contest (especially in baseball) (Freq. 15)
- he came all the way around on Williams' hit
Topics:
baseball, baseball game
Hypernyms:
feat, effort, exploit
Hyponyms:
base hit, safety
2. the act of contacting one thing with another (Freq. 2)
- repeated hitting raised a large bruise
- after three misses she finally got a hit
Syn:
hitting, striking
Derivationally related forms:
strike (for: striking), hit (for: hitting)
Hypernyms:
touch, touching
Hyponyms:
contusion, crash, smash, bunt, fly,
fly ball, grounder, ground ball, groundball, hopper, header,
scorcher, screamer, plunk, plunker
3. a conspicuous success (Freq. 1)
- that song was his first hit and marked the beginning of his career
- that new Broadway show is a real smasher
- the party went with a bang
Syn:
smash, smasher, strike, bang
Hypernyms:
success
Hyponyms:
blockbuster, megahit, smash hit, sleeper
4. (physics) a brief event in which two or more bodies come together
- the collision of the particles resulted in an exchange of energy and a change of direction
Syn:
collision
Derivationally related forms:
collide (for: collision)
Topics:
physics, natural philosophy
Hypernyms:
contact, impinging, striking
5. a dose of a narcotic drug
Hypernyms:
dose, dosage
6. a murder carried out by an underworld syndicate
- it has all the earmarks of a Mafia hit
Hypernyms:
murder, slaying, execution
7. a connection made via the internet to another website
- WordNet gets many hits from users worldwide
Hypernyms:
joining, connection, connexion

II - verb
1. cause to move by striking (Freq. 25)
- hit a ball
Derivationally related forms:
hitter, hitting
Hypernyms:
propel, impel
Hyponyms:
play, foul, cannon, clap, ground out,
toe, shank, pitch, fly, snap, whang,
undercut, putt, heel, bunker, bounce, backhand,
pop, follow through, shell, ground, top, pull,
kill, connect, drive, hole, hole out, bunt,
drag a bunt, snick, racket, dribble, carry, slice,
hook, single, double, triple, smash, shoot,
volley, croquet, loft
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s
- The children hit the ball
2. hit against;
come into sudden contact with (Freq. 21)
- The car hit a tree
- He struck the table with his elbow
Syn:
strike, impinge on, run into, collide with
Ant:
miss
Derivationally related forms:
strike (for: strike), striker (for: strike), striking (for: strike), hitting
Hypernyms:
touch
Hyponyms:
stub, ping, spang, bang, rear-end,
broadside, connect, spat, thud, bottom, bottom out,
bump, knock, run into, bump into, jar against, butt against,
knock against, collide, clash, glance
Verb Group:
strike
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Something ----s somebody
- Something ----s something
- The car hits the tree
3. deal a blow to, either with the hand or with an instrument (Freq. 18)
- He hit her hard in the face
Derivationally related forms:
hitting
Hypernyms:
touch
Hyponyms:
clap, slam, bang, lam into, tear into,
lace into, pitch into, lay into, kick, swipe, smite,
hook, swat, sock, bop, whop, whap,
bonk, bash, bean, pop, get, catch,
conk, cosh, brain, smash, nail, boom,
blast, crack, sandbag, stun, bat, cut,
thump, pound, poke, smack, thwack, belt,
punch, plug, slug, slog, swig, whack,
wham, wallop, pummel, pommel, biff, buffet,
buff, box, club, bludgeon, cudgel, fustigate
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Something ----s somebody
- Something ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody with something
- The fighter managed to hit his opponent
4. reach a destination, either real or abstract (Freq. 9)
- We hit Detroit by noon
- The water reached the doorstep
- We barely made it to the finish line
- I have to hit the MAC machine before the weekend starts
Syn:
reach, make, attain, arrive at, gain
Derivationally related forms:
attainment (for: attain)
Hyponyms:
catch up, scale, surmount, access, get at,
bottom out, top out, peak, summit, breast, top,
top, find, culminate, get through, come through,
ground, run aground
Verb Group:
make
Entailment:
travel, go, move, locomote
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- They hit the water
5. affect or afflict suddenly, usually adversely (Freq. 8)
- We were hit by really bad weather
- He was stricken with cancer when he was still a teenager
- The earthquake struck at midnight
Syn:
strike
Hypernyms:
affect, impact, bear upon, bear on, touch on, touch
Verb Group:
strike
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Something ----s somebody
- Something ----s something
- Somebody ----s PP (for: strike)
- The wind storms hit the area with dust and dirt
6. hit with a missile from a weapon (Freq. 8)
Syn:
shoot, pip
Derivationally related forms:
hitting, shoot (for: shoot), shooter (for: shoot)
Hypernyms:
injure, wound
Hyponyms:
gun down, grass, kneecap
Verb Group:
blast, shoot, pip, strike
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
7. encounter by chance (Freq. 3)
- I stumbled across a long-lost cousin last night in a restaurant
Syn:
stumble
Hypernyms:
come by, come into
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s PP
8. gain points in a game (Freq. 3)
- The home team scored many times
- He hit a home run
- He hit .300 in the past season
Syn:
score, tally, rack up
Derivationally related forms:
tally (for: tally), score (for: score), scorer (for: score)
Hypernyms:
gain, advance, win, pull ahead, make headway,
get ahead, gain ground
Hyponyms:
par, shoot, convert, homer, kick,
eagle, hole up, ace, walk, equalize, equalise,
get even, have, get, make
Entailment:
compete, vie, contend
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
- Somebody ----s something
9. cause to experience suddenly (Freq. 2)
- Panic struck me
- An interesting idea hit her
- A thought came to me
- The thought struck terror in our minds
- They were struck with fear
Syn:
strike, come to
Verb Group:
affect, impress, move, strike
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s somebody
10. make a strategic, offensive, assault against an enemy, opponent, or a target (Freq. 2)
- The Germans struck Poland on Sept. 1, 1939
- We must strike the enemy's oil fields
- in the fifth inning, the Giants struck, sending three runners home to win the game 5 to 2
Syn:
strike
Derivationally related forms:
strike (for: strike)
Hypernyms:
attack, assail
Hyponyms:
slice, chop, stroke, retaliate, strike back
Verb Group:
shoot, pip, strike
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Something ----s somebody
- Something ----s something
11. reach a point in time, or a certain state or level
- The thermometer hit 100 degrees
- This car can reach a speed of 140 miles per hour
Syn:
reach, attain
Derivationally related forms:
attainment (for: attain)
Hypernyms:
arrive, get, come
Hyponyms:
max out, break even
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
12. kill intentionally and with premeditation
- The mafia boss ordered his enemies murdered
Syn:
murder, slay, dispatch, bump off, off,
polish off, remove
Derivationally related forms:
dispatch (for: dispatch), slayer (for: slay), slaying (for: slay), murder (for: murder), murderer (for: murder)
Hypernyms:
kill
Hyponyms:
burke, execute
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Sam cannot hit Sue
13. drive something violently into a location
- he hit his fist on the table
- she struck her head on the low ceiling
Syn:
strike
Hypernyms:
move, displace
Hyponyms:
smash
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody PP
- Somebody ----s something PP
14. produce by manipulating keys or strings of musical instruments, also metaphorically
- The pianist strikes a middle C
- strike 'z' on the keyboard
- her comments struck a sour note
Syn:
strike
Hypernyms:
touch
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
15. consume to excess
- hit the bottle
Hypernyms:
consume, ingest, take in, take, have
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
16. hit the intended target or goal
Derivationally related forms:
hitting
Hypernyms:
succeed, win, come through, bring home the bacon, deliver the goods
Entailment:
aim, take, train, take aim, direct
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
17. pay unsolicited and usually unwanted sexual attention to
- He tries to hit on women in bars
Hypernyms:
approach
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s PP

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