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Từ điển WordNet v3.1 - WordNet Dictionary
throw



I - noun
1. the act of throwing (propelling something with a rapid movement of the arm and wrist) (Freq. 4)
- the catcher made a good throw to second base
Hypernyms:
propulsion, actuation
Hyponyms:
bowling, fling, heave, heaving, hurl,
cast, leaner, pass, toss, flip, pitch,
delivery, ringer, shy, slinging, throw-in
2. a single chance or instance (Freq. 1)
- he couldn't afford $50 a throw
Usage Domain:
colloquialism
Hypernyms:
opportunity, chance
3. the maximum movement available to a pivoted or reciprocating piece by a cam
Syn:
stroke, cam stroke
Hypernyms:
movement, motion
Hyponyms:
instroke, outstroke
4. bedclothes consisting of a lightweight cloth covering (an afghan or bedspread) that is casually thrown over something
Hypernyms:
bedclothes, bed clothing, bedding
5. casting an object in order to determine an outcome randomly
- he risked his fortune on a throw of the dice
Hypernyms:
gambling, gaming, play
Hyponyms:
cast, roll, flip, toss

II - verb
1. propel through the air (Freq. 53)
- throw a frisbee
Derivationally related forms:
thrower
Hypernyms:
propel, impel
Hyponyms:
slam, flap down, ground, prostrate, hurl,
hurtle, cast, heave, pelt, bombard, defenestrate,
deliver, pitch, shy, drive, deep-six, throw overboard,
ridge, jettison, fling, lob, chuck, toss,
toss, skip, skitter, juggle, flip,
flick, pass
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody something
- Somebody ----s something PP
2. move violently, energetically, or carelessly (Freq. 9)
- She threw herself forwards
Hypernyms:
move
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something PP
3. get rid of (Freq. 7)
- he shed his image as a pushy boss
- shed your clothes
Syn:
shed, cast, cast off, shake off, throw off,
throw away, drop
Hypernyms:
remove, take, take away, withdraw
Hyponyms:
shed, molt, exuviate, moult, slough,
abscise, exfoliate, autotomize, autotomise
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
4. place or put with great energy (Freq. 7)
- She threw the blanket around the child
- thrust the money in the hands of the beggar
Syn:
thrust
Derivationally related forms:
thrust (for: thrust)
Hypernyms:
put, set, place, pose, position, lay
Hyponyms:
pop
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something PP
5. convey or communicate;
of a smile, a look, a physical gesture (Freq. 6)
- Throw a glance
- She gave me a dirty look
Syn:
give
Hypernyms:
communicate, intercommunicate
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody something
6. cause to go on or to be engaged or set in operation (Freq. 5)
- switch on the light
- throw the lever
Syn:
flip, switch
Derivationally related forms:
switch (for: switch)
Hypernyms:
engage, mesh, lock, operate
Hyponyms:
switch on, turn on, switch off, cut, turn off, turn out
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
7. put or send forth (Freq. 4)
- She threw the flashlight beam into the corner
- The setting sun threw long shadows
- cast a spell
- cast a warm light
Syn:
project, cast, contrive
Derivationally related forms:
cast (for: cast)
Hypernyms:
send, direct
Hyponyms:
shoot
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
8. to put into a state or activity hastily, suddenly, or carelessly (Freq. 2)
- Jane threw dinner together
- throw the car into reverse
Hypernyms:
put, set, place, pose, position, lay
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody PP
- Somebody ----s something PP
9. utter with force;
utter vehemently (Freq. 2)
- hurl insults
- throw accusations at someone
Syn:
hurl
Hypernyms:
express, verbalize, verbalise, utter, give tongue to
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
10. cause to be confused emotionally (Freq. 2)
Syn:
bewilder, bemuse, discombobulate
Derivationally related forms:
discombobulation (for: discombobulate), bemusement (for: bemuse)
Hypernyms:
upset, discompose, untune, disconcert, discomfit
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Something ----s somebody
- The bad news will throw him
- The good news will throw her
- The performance is likely to throw Sue
11. organize or be responsible for (Freq. 1)
- hold a reception
- have, throw, or make a party
- give a course
Syn:
hold, have, make, give
Hypernyms:
direct
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
12. make on a potter's wheel
- she threw a beautiful teapot
Derivationally related forms:
thrower
Hypernyms:
shape, form, work, mold, mould, forge
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Did he throw his major works over a short period of time?
13. cause to fall off
- The horse threw its inexperienced rider
Hypernyms:
dislodge, bump
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s somebody
14. throw (a die) out onto a flat surface
- Throw a six
Hypernyms:
turn, release
Hyponyms:
shoot
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
15. be confusing or perplexing to;
cause to be unable to think clearly
- These questions confuse even the experts
- This question completely threw me
- This question befuddled even the teacher
Syn:
confuse, fox, befuddle, fuddle, bedevil,
confound, discombobulate
Derivationally related forms:
discombobulation (for: discombobulate), befuddlement (for: befuddle), confusion (for: confuse)
Hypernyms:
be
Hyponyms:
demoralize, perplex, vex, stick, get,
puzzle, mystify, baffle, beat, pose, bewilder,
flummox, stupefy, nonplus, gravel, amaze, dumbfound,
disorient, disorientate
Verb Group:
confuse, flurry, disconcert, put off
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Something ----s somebody
- Something ----s something

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