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Từ điển Oxford Learners Wordfinder Dictionary
harshness


noun
1. the roughness of a substance that causes abrasions (Freq. 1)
Syn:
abrasiveness, scratchiness
Derivationally related forms:
scratchy (for: scratchiness), abrasive (for: abrasiveness), harsh
Hypernyms:
roughness, raggedness
2. the quality of being unpleasant (harsh or rough or grating) to the senses
Syn:
roughness
Derivationally related forms:
rough (for: roughness), harsh
Hypernyms:
unpleasantness
Hyponyms:
gruffness, hoarseness, huskiness
3. the quality of being cruel and causing tension or annoyance
Syn:
cruelty, cruelness
Derivationally related forms:
harsh, cruel (for: cruelness)
Hypernyms:
malevolence, malevolency, malice
Hyponyms:
ferociousness, brutality, viciousness, savagery, murderousness
4. excessive sternness
- severity of character
- the harshness of his punishment was inhuman
- the rigors of boot camp
Syn:
severity, severeness, rigor, rigour, rigorousness,
rigourousness, inclemency, hardness, stiffness
Derivationally related forms:
hard (for: hardness), inclement (for: inclemency), rigorous (for: rigorousness), rigorous (for: rigor), harsh, severe (for: severeness), severe (for: severity)
Hypernyms:
sternness, strictness

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